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I seeded my lawn this spring, but all that is growing is weeds. What happened and what can I do?
Grass is fairly easy to grow, but it is particular.
Most people tend to blame their seed if grass doesn't grow;
most of the time that's not the problem at all. If you have
seeded and re-seeded year after year, stop wasting your
money and figure out the reason. Here are a few tips:
1.) Wait until fall to plant grass seed – In spite of what
many people think, spring is a bad time of year to plant
grass seed. The month of September is when seed should
be planted. Grasses in our area are cool season plants
which means they grow well in cooler weather; as summer
approaches they slow down and go dormant until the fall
when they resume rapid growth. Weeds, on the other hand,
are warm season plants that behave just the opposite.
As summer approaches, weeds grow more rapidly and almost
always overtake the grass and dominate. So even with everything
else correct, you will probably end up with weeds and not grass,
whereas if you wait until September, you'll have success.
2.) Soil test before you do anything – Make sure your
soil has the correct pH. Lawn grasses grow well in soils that
are slightly acidic. Acidity is measured by pH; if your soil
has a pH between 6.5-6.8, that's perfect. The farther away
from that pH range your soil is the bigger problem you have.
While the grass may germinate, it won't keep growing. pH is
adjusted by lime (to raise it) or sulfur (to lower it). Always soil
test before applying either lime or sulfur because soil tests
will tell you what type and how much to apply.
3.) Always buy the most expensive seed on the shelf – high
quality seed contains fewer weed seeds and less filler
material – never buy bargain basement seed.
4.) Keep the soil and new seedmoist and do not water at night.
Once the grass germinates, keep watering, but let it dry off
before nightfall or the grass can become diseased. If you forget
to water and the soil dries out, your grass is doomed and weeds
will take over. Once your grass reaches 4-5 inches, you can cut it
for the first time, but water it deeply three times a week until
it gets fully established.
From the picture you sent me, I see moss growing. Moss is a
sign there is too much shade and too much moisture for grass
to grow. There are a number of varieties of grass and some need
more sunlight than others, but you still need hours of sunlight
every day or grass will not thrive. If the grass seed package
says "shade seed" that does not mean that particular grass will
grow in shade. It means that the seed can tolerate some shade
and still thrive. In your case, if you really want to grow grass,
you will need to thin (or remove) your trees to allow more sunlight
in and dry up the excess moisture.
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About Linda Lillie
Linda K. Lillie is the President of Sprigs & Twigs, Inc, the premier
landscape design and maintenance, tree care, lawn care, stonework, and carpentry
service provider in southeastern Connecticut since 1997. She is a graduate of
Connecticut College in Botany, a Connecticut Master Gardener and a national
award winning landscape designer for her landscape design and landscape installation work.